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译作赏析-《木兰辞》的数个英译版本
发布时间:2019-07-31 作者:admin 点击:147

“唧唧复唧唧,木兰当户织”,一说起这首诗,我想大家都很熟悉吧!我到现在还能记得当时在课堂上和其他同学一起大声背诵这首诗的场景。花木兰是我国古代女性的一位杰出代表。在面对困境时,她勇于挑起重担,直面挑战,最后衣锦还乡。“万里赴戎机,关山度若飞”让我们感受到了木兰在战场上的勇敢和英姿飒爽,而“当窗理云鬓,对镜贴花黄”则表现出木兰作为古代女子所特有的柔情和典雅。“同行十二年,不知木兰是女郎”则更让我们体会到木兰这十多年来在疆场上厮杀所经历的艰辛和勇敢。在女子无才便是德的古代社会中,木兰犹如一颗闪耀的明珠,她照亮了所有女子的命运。让我们看到,女子不再是柔弱的化身。女子也可以像男子一样,一身戎装,在战场上披荆斩棘。下面我们就来看看,《木兰辞》的数个经典英译版本:

木兰辞 The Mulan Ballad

翻译:汪榕培

 

唧唧复唧唧,木兰当户织。

不闻机杼声,唯闻女叹息。

问女何所思?问女何所忆?

女亦无所思,女亦无所忆。

昨夜见军帖,可汗大点兵,

军书十二卷,卷卷有爷名。

阿爷无大儿,木兰无长兄,

愿为市鞍马,从此替爷征。

Alas oh alas! Alas oh alas!

Mulan is weaving cloth of topmost class.

Listen and you don't hear the spinning drone;

You only hear the maiden sigh and moan.

"Good lass, what thought has occupied your mind?

Good lass, what thought can you not leave behind?"

"I've nothing that has occupied my mind;

I've nothing that I cannot leave behind.

I saw the new recruiting lists last night;

The Khan is summoning the men to fight.

The twelve lists are literally the same;

In every list there is my father's name.

My dad does not have any grown-up son;

I have no elder brother to carry the gun.

I'll go and buy a stalwart horse and pad

So as to go to battle for my dad."

 

东市买骏马,西市买鞍鞯,

南市买辔头,北市买长鞭。

朝辞爷娘去,暮宿黄河边。

不闻爷娘唤女声,但闻黄河流水鸣溅溅。

旦辞黄河去,暮至黑山头。

不闻爷娘唤女声,但闻燕山胡骑声啾啾。

万里赴戎机,关山度若飞。

朔气传金柝,寒光照铁衣。

将军百战死,壮士十年归。

She buys a strong steed in the eastern market;

She buys a saddle in the western market;

She buys a bridle in the southern market;

She buys a long whip in the northern market.

She leaves her dearest parents by daylight,

And stays by the Yellow River for the night.

She can no longer hear her parents' sound,

But only hears the rushing flood around.

She leaves the Yellow River by daylight.

Arrives at Mount Heishan at early night.

She can no longer hear her parents' sound;

She only hears the Tartar steeds around.

She goes for miles and miles to join the war,

And crosses hills and valleys with the crops.

The northern wind resounds the watchmen's hail;

The chilly moon shines on their coats of mail.

Countless men die on the battlefields.

While other men return with swords and shileds.

 

归来见天子,天子坐明堂。

策勋十二转,赏赐百千强。

可汗问所欲,“木兰不用尚书郎,

愿借明驼千里足,送儿还故乡。”

爷娘闻女来,出郭相扶将。

阿姊闻妹来,当户理红妆。

小弟闻姊来,磨刀霍霍向猪羊。

Mulan receives an audience from the Khan,

Who makes a huge grant to the valiant “man.”

Mulan is praised and offered the highest post,

And given piles of treasures she can boast.

She says when asked what she would like to do,

“High posts at court are not what I pursue.

All I want is a camel with its crew

To send me home to start my life anew.”

On hearing that Mulan will soon be home,

Her parents leave the courtyard arm in arm.

On hearing that Mulan will soon be home,

Her younger sister makes up to add charm.

On hearing that Mulan will soon be home,

Her younger brother butches pigs on the farm.

 

开我东阁门,坐我西阁床。

脱我战时袍,著我旧时裳。

当窗理云鬓,对镜贴花黄。

出门看火伴,火伴皆惊惶。

同行十二年,不知木兰是女郎。

“雄兔脚扑朔,雌兔眼迷离;

两兔傍地走,安能辨我是雄雌!”

She opens doors of chambers east and west

And sits upon her bed to take a rest.

She first takes off her warrior’s coat of mail

And then puts on her female dress and veil.

She stands by windows doing her long hair

And faces mirrors painting her brows fair.

When she meets her mates in female array,

They stare at her in great surprise and say,

“We fought for twelve years in the same brigade,

But never knew that Mulan was a maid!”

“The male rabbit hops and skips on the ground;

The female rabbit winks and blinks around.

When two rabbits scurry to and fro,

Who knows which is the buck and which the doe?”

- 译文 2 -

 

木兰辞 Song of Mulan

翻译: 许渊冲

 

唧唧复唧唧,木兰当户织。

不闻机杼声,唯闻女叹息。

问女何所思?问女何所忆?

女亦无所思,女亦无所忆。

昨夜见军帖,可汗大点兵,

军书十二卷,卷卷有爷名。

阿爷无大儿,木兰无长兄,

愿为市鞍马,从此替爷征。

Alack,alas! Alack, alas!

She weaves and sees the shuttle pass.

You cannot hear the shuttle, why?

Its whir is drowned in her deep sigh.

"Oh, what are you thinking about?

Will you tell us? Will you speak out?"

"I have no worry on my mind,

Nor have I grief of any kind.

I read the battle roll last night;

The Khan has ordered men to fight.

The roll was written in twelve books;

My father's name was in twelve nooks.

My father has no grown-up son,

For elder brother I have none.

I'll get a horse of hardy race

And serve in my father's place."

东市买骏马,西市买鞍鞯,

南市买辔头,北市买长鞭。

朝辞爷娘去,暮宿黄河边。

不闻爷娘唤女声,但闻黄河流水鸣溅溅。

旦辞黄河去,暮至黑山头。

不闻爷娘唤女声,但闻燕山胡骑声啾啾。

万里赴戎机,关山度若飞。

朔气传金柝,寒光照铁衣。

将军百战死,壮士十年归。

She buys a steed at eastern fair,

A whip and saddle here and there.

She buys a bridle at the south

And metal bit for the horse's mouth.

At dawn she leaves her parents by the city wall;

At dusk she reaches Yellow River shore.

All night she listens for old folk's familiar call,

But only hears the Yellow River's roar.

At dawn she leaves the Yellow River shore;

To mountains Black she goes her way.

At night she hears old folk's familiar voice no more,

But only on north mountains Tartar horses neighs.

For miles and miles the army march along

And cross the mountain barriers as in flight.

The northern wind has chilled the watchman's gong,

Their coat of mail glistens in wintry light.

In ten years they've lost many captains strong,

But battle-hardened warriors come back in delight.

 

归来见天子,天子坐明堂。

策勋十二转,赏赐百千强。

可汗问所欲,“木兰不用尚书郎,

愿借明驼千里足,送儿还故乡。”

爷娘闻女来,出郭相扶将。

阿姊闻妹来,当户理红妆。

小弟闻姊来,磨刀霍霍向猪羊。

Back they have their audience with the Khan in the hall,

Honors and gifts are lavished on warriors all.

The Khan asks her what she wants as a grace.

"A camel fleet to carry me to my native place."

Hearing that she has come,

Her parents hurry to meet her at city gate.

Her sister rouges her face at home,

Her younger brother kills pig and sheep to celebrate.

 

开我东阁门,坐我西阁床。

脱我战时袍,著我旧时裳。

当窗理云鬓,对镜贴花黄。

出门看火伴,火伴皆惊惶。

同行十二年,不知木兰是女郎。

“雄兔脚扑朔,雌兔眼迷离;

两兔傍地走,安能辨我是雄雌!”

She opens the doors east and west

And sits on her bed for a rest.

She doffs her garb wore under fire

And wears again female attire.

Before the window she arranges her hair

And in the mirror sees her image fair.

Then she comes out to see her former mate,

Who stares at her in amazement great:

"We have marched together for twelve years,

We did not know there was a lass' mid our compeers!"

"Both buck and doe have lilting gait

And both their eyelids palpitate.

When side by side two rabbits go,

Who can tell the buck from the doe?"

- 译文 3 -

 

木兰辞 Ode of Mulan

翻译: Han H. Frankel

 

唧唧复唧唧,木兰当户织。

不闻机杼声,唯闻女叹息。

问女何所思?问女何所忆?

女亦无所思,女亦无所忆。

昨夜见军帖,可汗大点兵,

军书十二卷,卷卷有爷名。

阿爷无大儿,木兰无长兄,

愿为市鞍马,从此替爷征。

Tsiek tsiek and again tsiek tsiek,

Mu-lan weaves, facing the door.

You don't hear the shuttle's sound,

You only hear Daughter's sighs.

They ask Daughter who's in her heart,

They ask Daughter who's on her mind.

“No one is on Daughter's heart,

No one is on Daughter's mind.

Last night I saw the draft posters,

The Khan is calling many troops,

The army list is in twelve scrolls,

On every scroll there's Father's name.

Father has no grown-up son,

Mu-lan has no elder brother.

I want to buy a saddle and horse,

And serve in the army in Father's place.”

东市买骏马,西市买鞍鞯,

南市买辔头,北市买长鞭。

朝辞爷娘去,暮宿黄河边。

不闻爷娘唤女声,但闻黄河流水鸣溅溅。

旦辞黄河去,暮至黑山头。

不闻爷娘唤女声,但闻燕山胡骑声啾啾。

万里赴戎机,关山度若飞。

朔气传金柝,寒光照铁衣。

将军百战死,壮士十年归。

In the East Market she buys a spirited horse,

In the West Market she buys a saddle,

In the South Market she buys a bridle,

In the North Market she buys a long whip.

At dawn she takes leave of Father and Mother,

In the evening camps on the Yellow River's bank.

She doesn't hear the sound of Father and Mother calling,

She only hears the Yellow River's flowing water cry tsien tsien.

At dawn she takes leave of the Yellow River,

In the evening she arrives at Black Mountain.

She doesn't hear the sound of Father and Mother calling,

She only hears Mount Yen's nomad horses cry tsiu tsiu.

She goes ten thousand miles on the business of war,

She crosses passes and mountains like flying.

Northern gusts carry the rattle of army pots,

Chilly light shines on iron armor.

Generals die in a hundred battles,

Stout soldiers return after ten years.

 

归来见天子,天子坐明堂。

策勋十二转,赏赐百千强。

可汗问所欲,“木兰不用尚书郎,

愿借明驼千里足,送儿还故乡。”

爷娘闻女来,出郭相扶将。

阿姊闻妹来,当户理红妆。

小弟闻姊来,磨刀霍霍向猪羊。


On her return she sees the Son of Heaven,

The Son of Heaven sits in the Splendid Hall.

He gives out promotions in twelve ranks

And prizes of a hundred thousand and more.

The Khan asks her what she desires.

“Mu-lan has no use for a minister's post.

I wish to ride a swift mount

To take me back to my home.”

When Father and Mother hear Daughter is coming,

They go outside the wall to meet her, leaning on each other.

When Elder Sister hears Younger Sister is coming

She fixes her rouge, facing the door.

When Little Brother hears Elder Sister is coming

He whets the knife, quick quick, for pig and sheep.

 

开我东阁门,坐我西阁床。

脱我战时袍,著我旧时裳。

当窗理云鬓,对镜贴花黄。

出门看火伴,火伴皆惊惶。

同行十二年,不知木兰是女郎。

“雄兔脚扑朔,雌兔眼迷离;

两兔傍地走,安能辨我是雄雌!”

“I open the door to my east chamber,

I sit on my couch in the west room,

I take off my wartime gown

And put on my old-time clothes.”

Facing the window she fixes her cloudlike hair,

Hanging up a mirror she dabs on yellow flower powder.

She goes out the door and sees her comrades,

Her comrades are all amazed and perplexed.

Traveling together for twelve years,

They didn't know Mu-lan was a girl.

“The he-hare's feet go hop and skip,

The she-hare's eyes are muddled and fuddled.

Two hares running side by side close to the ground,

How can they tell if I am he or she?”